Renewable fuels from green refineries of the future

 

To date, renewable fuels for road, air and shipping transportation cannot be produced selectively via a single process route. They are usually produced in different proportions together with other by-products. The REF4FU project aims to develop, validate and evaluate sustainable refinery concepts that can be used to meet the future demand for renewable liquid fuels. Renewable methanol, Fischer-Tropsch hydrocarbons and pyrolysis oils will be used to produce, test and evaluate the fuels that are currently used in fleets and will be required in the foreseeable future using scalable technologies. In addition, a classification will be made against the background of the regulatory framework.

Renewable fuel components produced by the research partners are formulated into customized fuels using a systematic approach. They are examined and evaluated for their conformity with current and potential future standards and their technical applicability. The industrial partners are primarily involved in the practical development and scaling of the technology combinations required for the production of the fuels as well as in the testing, evaluation and further development of the fuels. The resulting refinery concepts are evaluated with regard to technical, ecological and economic characteristics and their flexibility for future fuel requirements. Possible ways of successfully implementing selected refinery concepts are shown as examples.